Wine is one of the oldest beverages in the world today. This is why it is considered as a special niche in the beverage sector. Maturity of wine is not the only issue that should be taken into consideration when it comes to wine. There are several other factors that one should look at before choosing any specific wine. It is however necessary to purchase the right wine service equipment before opting to purchase the wine. In order to know about the wine world it is essential to know about the basic terminology used in the wine industry. This is the only way to ensure that the right choice of wine is made.
The wine terminology can be grouped or categorized in accordance with the winery equipment and the wine itself. In the case of the wine equipment some of the terms are self-explanatory for instance wine racking. It is highly advisable for one to consult the sales person or the manufacturer on the right equipment to purchase, especially when opening a bar or restaurant. Some of the wine terminology includes;
• Acidity- this is a common and important term to know of. Natural wine is made from grapes which have a certain level of acidity. It can be categorized into two in regards to the level of acid in the wine. Smooth wines usually have a low acid content while crisp wines have a high acid content. The wine acidity greatly influences the taste of the wine. For instance, too much acidity may cause the wine to taste bitter and too little acidity causes the wine to appear dull or flat.
• Balance- for those that have a certain passion for wine they must have come across this word a couple of times. It mainly refers to the basic characteristics of wine like sweetness, acidity and content of alcohol. A well balanced wine is usually the best quality of wine available and it means that no component outshines the other.
• Lees- wine is prone to sedimentation and the sediments that tend to form at the bottom after the fermentation process is what is considered as lees. This is why a person is highly advised to decant the wine before service. This is highly advisable, especially for those that use wine cellar designs.
• Tannins- grape seeds and stems have an acidic and bitter component that is usually referred to as tannin. This is one of the wine characteristics that influence the balance of the wine. The major advantage of tannin is that it has a preservative aspect. This means that wines that have a high content of this substance tend to be stored for longer durations before the wine can be opened and enjoyed. To be precise, red wines usually have a high tannin content compared to white wine.
• Vintage- this is more as the time period. It basically refers to the exact time that the grapes were harvested. This period is usually determined in terms of years, most people tend to confuse this term in regards to the age of the wine which is not the case. Vintage specifically refers to the year the grapes were harvested before they are used to manufacture wine.